“Modhera” is the small village situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati which is around 25KM from Maheshana (Gujarat,India) and 110 KM from Ahmadabad. Modhera is one of the historical tourist place in India, its name is associates with “Sun Temple” also know as Surya mandir which is named after Hindu god Surya(Sun).
Historical value : According to ancient Hindu scripts(Purana) when God Rama killed Ravana, he asked guru(Sage) Vasistha to show the way to purify him from the sin of “Brahma hatya(Killing)” (Since Ravana was Brahmin by birth). Vasistha told Rama about pilgrimage place called Dharmaranya which is near to modern town of the Modhera ,Loard Rama settled at village Modherak in Dharmaranya and perform the yagna ,there after he established the village and named Sitpur,this is around 8 KM away from becharaji Modherak village and later become Modhera.
Temple was build in a very large premises which is also having
Surya Kund(pool) : intricately carved, stepped tank again named after the God of Light Surya(Sun) ,Steps surrounded by Kund(pool) are having lot of small temples of Indian Gods facing in different direction. In ancient time people use to take bath before they visit to main temple, there was a water well in middle of the Kund(pool) which kept kund filled with water. As you can see there are diving stones(like diving boards) around entire kund , Since last so many years ,Kund has lost his Original magic because well dried ,however I am among the fortunate people who saw this Kund filled with water in my younger days.
Sabha mandap: main temple is having two type of mandap(hall) first one is called sabhe(conference) mandap which was used for the religious gathering and events.
Guda Mandap : Second mandap is know as house of God and people use to came here for worship the Sun, during equinox days with the rising sun sunrays directly fell on the idol of Surya(Sun)which is jewelled with precious diamond and stones which use to illuminate entire hall. precious and priceless jewels were looted during the invasion of Mahmud Gazni.
Stone carving is excellently done in entire temple We can see many ancient stories from Mahabharata and other epic scripts were beautifully crafted on the wall and pillars, ceiling also highlights the of excellence example of Indian ancient architectural designing.